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THE EFFECT OF GENDER DISCRIMINATION AND MANAGEMENT CAPABILITY ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE. A SURVEY OF SELECTED BANKS IN RIVERS STATE.






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THE EFFECT OF GENDER DISCRIMINATION AND MANAGEMENT CAPABILITY ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE. A SURVEY OF SELECTED BANKS IN RIVERS STATE.




ABSTRACT
This study focuses on the effect of gender discrimination and managerial capabilities in the banking industry and an organization where the opposite sex operates or executes daily activities. The aims and objectives are to correct the imbalance in our organization, to evaluate role of gender discrimination and managerial capabilities and extent to which gender discrimination has effected human resources management. To achieve the purpose of this research work a survey method was adopted using the questionnaire instrument. The instrument was administered to 60 respondents drawn as the sample for the study. The output form that source was analysis by the use of chi-square analysis. Findings, from this study was drawn from a cross section of banks and one organization Guinness Plc. with the focus on 1st Bank Plc. which shows that there is significant relationship with device views and opinion between gender discrimination and managerial capabilities, most believed men possesses more skill and men aggressiveness is on the increase than their women counterpart, while others believed that religions sentiment has also play a major role. Therefore, one can suggest that management of organization should be able to resolved gender disparity and give equal opportunity to both parties in other to focus on organization performance. Government should also formulate and implement policies that will curtail gender discrimination in our organization.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page                                                                                        i
Declaration                                                                             ii
Certification                                                                            iii
Dedication                                                                               iv
Acknowledgment                                                                    iv
Abstract                                                                                  v
Table of Contents                                                                    vi
CHAPTER ONE
1.1   Context of problem                                                         1
1.2   Statement of the problem                                              2
1.3   Purpose of the study                                                       3
1.4   Research question                                                          4
1.5   Research hypothesis                                                       5
1.6   Significance of the study                                                6
1.7   Scope of the study                                                          6
1.8   Limitation of the study                                                   7
1.9   Organization of the study                                               8
1.10 Definition of the study                                                    8
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1   Introduction                                                                    9
2.2   concept of gender discrimination                                   10
2.3   disparity level of male/female education in Nigeria      13
2.4   employment attitudes towards female workers            17
2.5   theories of occupational segregations by sex                 21
2.6   obstacles to equality                                                       23
2.7   role of religions in gender discrimination                      24
CHAPTER FOUR: METHODOLOGY
3.0   Introduction                                                                    46
3.1   Research design                                                              46
3.2   Population of the study                                                  47
3.3   Sampling procedure                                                       47
3.4   Sample size determinant                                               47
3.5   Sample size                                                                     47
3.6   Data collection procedure                                              48
3.7   Data collection instrument                                            48
3.8   Data analysis                                                                  49
CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4.1   Introduction                                                                    55
4.1.1 frequency distribution according to department
in the organizations Guinness male                              57
4.1.2 frequency distribution according to position rank       58
4.1.3 frequency distribution according to monthly salary    59
4.2   analysis of variables                                                       60
4.3   discussion of findings                                                     75


CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1   Summary                                                                         79
5.2   Summary of findings                                                               80
5.3   Conclusion                                                                      83
5.4   Recommendation                                                             88
5.4.1 Recommendation for further study                                 92
References
Appendix


CHAPTER ONE
1.1   CONTEXT OF PROBLEM
It is widely recognized that gender discrimination is a persuasive phenomenon; it is also a costly phenomenon. Everywhere female fined it more difficult than male to access market activities, political power or health and education input. No country in the world has yet reached equality between women and men in critical area such economic participation, education, health and political empowerment Husman (2006:p37).
Employers have attempted to provide justification for occupational segregation by qualifying the various laws and regulation. This protective legislation sometimes prohibits women from working in certain occupations. In Nigeria, labour policies are silent on gender discrimination in the labour market as there are no laws barring women from particular fields of employments. However, women often sometimes tolerate customary and religions practices that adversely affect women, whereas the Nigeria constitution recognizes this principle of equal for equal work without discrimination on account of gender and seeks to eliminate discrimination on any grounds.
Given the fact employers sometimes discriminate between male and female worker especially in Nigeria, it there runs counterproductive to effective employee performance both at this nation level.
So when women find themselves in a position to work. They put in their best effectively. Gender discrimination affects the performance of ‘female workers” it gives them the extra consciousness to do well in their respective fields. They ensure that they are producing a high quality product or service any time they have the opportunity.
1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Despite the importance function that human resourced perform. The organization, yet it is not free from problem. The following are the major problem likely to be encounter in manpower planning. The increased sensibility on the part of employees, with respect to discrimination of gender how profit have been generated for the company vis-à-vis how much is paid out to them in form of basic salaries and firing benefits.
The nature of most the work and performance undertaken by employees of most big organization requires female than men which makes the human resources to be in more discrimination in terms of who they employ. Most workers are not aware of the benefits derivable as their rights, thus some employers take this advantage to exploit workers.
The problem of stratifications in terms of level of development of skill of employees with relation to their remuneration package also serves as major criteria to discriminate. These and several other problems are facing the entire human resources management and it has increased the pervasiveness of discrimination across the Nigeria.
1.3   PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this research work is to evaluate the role gender discrimination and managerial capability play on the performance of Nigeria women worker.


On a more specific form the objectives are as follows;
1.     To examine the effect of gender discrimination on managerial capabilities.
2.     To identify the relationship between gender discrimination and employee performance.
3.     To examine the factor that contributes to high gender discrimination in an organization.
4.     To examine the relationship, differential in skill of worker and gender discrimination.
1.4   RESEARCH QUESTION
For the purpose of the study or research work to be fully achieved the researcher intends to make use of the following questions, which are considered appropriate to the research on data collection for this study.
i.      What effect does gender discrimination have on the managerial capabilities?
ii.     Is there any relationship between gender discrimination employee performances?
iii.    What extent does the factor in Nigeria contribute to gender discrimination in an organization?
iv.    To what extent do some organizations prefer men in technical areas or position than women counterparts?
v.     Does discrimination affects managerial capability?
vi.    Do you think that differential in skill contribute to gender discrimination?
vii.   Does managerial capability affect employee performance?
1.5   RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
For the purpose of this research work to be fully achieved the researcher intends to make use of the following hypothesis.
However two hypotheses will be tested.
H01: There is no significant relationship between genders discrimination and employee performance.
H02: There is no significant relationship between gender discrimination managerial capabilities.
1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research work is important because gender discrimination have affected the human resources management and productivity. The research work will also shed lights on organizational performance and profess ways of solving the problems. Also, it will serve as reference for further scholars on the need why organizations should develop manpower planning strategy for effectively human resources management in order to arrive at its destination a time frame. Organizations and women at large stand to gain a lot from this study.
1.7   SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Since it is not possible to study all bank in Rivers State due to time constraints, financial constraints e.t.c therefore this research work shall be limited to some selected banks in Rivers State.


1.8   LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
In the event of carrying out this research work, I encounter some problems like co-operation from respondent, financial constraints, transportation constraint and distribution of questionnaire.
1.9   ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is carefully organized and divided into five chapters, each chapter explaining different aspects of the subject matter.
Chapter one, covers the introduction of the topic under the context of the problem, there is also the statement of the problem, purpose, significance and limitation of the study, research hypothesis and questions, definition of terms etc. all dealing on different aspects of the subject matter.
Chapter two, review of related literature, this chapter portrays the already existing literature on the subject matter under specific headings and sub-headings.
Chapter three, research methodology, this chapter will discuss the methods in which specific data’s would be retrieved and explained; it will also discuss the sample size and also talk about the data analysis techniques.
Chapter four presentations and analysis of data, this chapter will analyze the data’s acquired.
Chapter five discussions, conclusion and recommendation.
1.10 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Gender: Classification roughly corresponding to the two sexes
Discrimination: Unfavourable treatment based on racial, sexual e.t.c
Capability: A person’s ability or power
Performance: Process or manner of performing or functioning
Manager: Person controlling a business or part of a business
Motive: What induces a person to act in a particular way?



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