THE IMPACT OF TRAINING ON EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED MANUFACTURING COMPANIES IN RIVERS STATE)
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THE IMPACT OF TRAINING ON EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY
(A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED MANUFACTURING COMPANIES IN RIVERS STATE)
The impact of training on the employees’ productivity; a case study of the selected manufacturing companies in rivers state. However, the purpose of this research of this research is to investigate the impact of training on employees’ productivity using some of the firms in Port Harcourt. In order to achieve this purpose, questionnaire where distributed to employees of four things selected in Port Harcourt. There were a total of sixty (60) questionnaire made of twenty seven (27) questions each distributed to four (4) firms. The questionnaires were distributed to both senior and junior staff in order to draw the required response from the respondents and to facilitate easy analysis of data. Secondly, because training is not only designed for the upper cadre along and thirdly to make sure that all calibers of workers are evenly represented. From the data analysis and hypothetical test, it is found that there is a significance relationship between training and employees productivity. Also that the performance of workers who receive training are higher than those who do not receive training using Chi-square (X2) test at 0.05 level of significance. Sequel to this, a number of recommendations have been made and they are as thus, that every firm should make it as a point of duty to embark on training programmes. Firms should also try the best they could to develop good appraisal system on time to identify when employees need to go for training etc.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Statement of problem 2
1.3 Research questions 3
1.4 Objectives of study 4
1.5 Significance of study 5
1.6 Scope and limitation of study 5
1.7 Operational definition of terms 5
1.8 Organization of study 6
2.0 Literature review and theoretical framework 7
2.1 Introduction 7
2.2 Concept of training 7
2.3 Training development productivity 13
2.4 The objectives of training 14
2.5 Training and productivity of employees in Nigeria 15
2.6 Institution/machinery of manpower training in Nigeria 17
2.7 Determination of training programme 17
2.8 Problem issues in training porgramme 23
3.0 Method of study 24
3.1 Introduction 30
3.2 Data collection 30
3.3 Sampling procedure 31
3.4 Research design 32
3.5 Method of analysis 33
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Introduction 34
4.2 Data presentation 34
4.3 Data analysis 35
4.4 Hypothesis testing 39
4.5 Discussion of the result/implications 47
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Introduction 49
5.2 Summary of major findings 49
5.3 Summary of major findings 50
5.4 Recommendations 52
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
For employee to improve in their productive potential have been always one of their major concerns of the employers of labour. It is a fact that all businessmen are all to maximize profit. Although profits can only be maximized when potentials of employees are improved to increase productivity giving the increase in the demand of the firm’s products.
In the case of micro-economy, employees productivity creates a powerful impact in a country’s total output economic welfare. Infact, the public and private sectors of our economy depend on the caliber of the nation’s manpower resources. The days of working by trail have disappeared.
Today, an increasing attention is being focused on the role of employees development and training on social and economic advancement of the nation. With the drive towards technological advancement in Nigeria, training of employee inevitable. For example, the conversion to the use of electronic computers and telecommunications have virtually made very industry to change their operations.
Thus, one of the crucial functions of the executive and of course the personnel administration is to ensure that employees without the necessary skills are helped to acquired them while those who do are helped to update them (Nwachukwu 1980).
The output of any employee depends on the skills he has. Therefore, it training is added to the already existing skill, the result is increase in output.
However, the above discussion is centered on the importance of training on the employees’ productivity.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Generally, the story in the selected manufacturing companies Rivers State is that of poor performance inspite of encouragement from government and efforts of private sectors (Cookey 1998). We have discovered over the years that private firms and government sectors hardly produce beyond certain points as if there are physical negative that are impossible for them to cross.
Infact, any employee that is not properly trained is bound to be frustrated with his jobs and the end product result will be the firms low productivity.
Here, in Rivers State as one of the most industrialized state in Nigeria, employment of workers by the oil companies in the state in various positions are becoming very difficult due to lack of trained employees to occupy the professional positions. The people of the state suffer and the entire country face employment problem as the industrializing firm resort to making used of train employees from the western world, and this condition results failures in our economy.
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
This study shall be guided by the following research questions
1. Do companies embark on the job training?
2. Does training contribute to workers’ productivity?
3. It there any relationship between trained workers on productivity?
4. Are trained employees more capable of performing than untrained ones?
5. To what extent do such training help the employers of labour?
1.4 OBJECTIVES OF STUDY
This study shall seek to achieve the following
1. To find out the relationship between training and employees potential.
2. To find out the contribution of training to workers’ productivity.
3. To find out the output of trained and untrained employees comparatively.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
This work will be of good use to decision makers especially the potential and practicing entrepreneur, human resources managers etc. of commercial and selected manufacturing firms in the state as it delves into the necessities of training in improving their employees productivity.
The result of the research will also be useful to the government in order to see the training of her citizens as a yardstick for controlling their various parastatals and abhors unemployment problems emanating from lack of training.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF STUDY
This research project would cover the study of selected manufacturing companies in Rivers State. And the scope would be limited to the impact of training on employees’ productivity in the manufacturing companies.
1.7 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS
1. Training: This is a process of acquisition of basic and new skills and the development of old ones in order to be effective and efficient in carrying out assigned duties.
2. Productivity: This referred to as the output of labour force on aggregated form.
3. Employees: these are the numbers of persons employed to perform a given task. It is also regarded as the human resources, labour force worker etc.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF STUDY
This work was been arrange into five phase or chapters.
Chapter one would focus into the historical background of the topic under study, such as statement of study, research question, objective of study etc. chapter two (2) deal with the literature reviews, using a logical way of presenting and historical perspective that relate to the project topic under research. Chapter (3) is concern with the methodological approach and its related issues. Chapter (4) would be data presentation and analysis finding and discussion and chapter (5) is based on summary, conclusion and recommendation on the research work.