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IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA
Nigeria is essentially an economy with agriculture accounting for significant shares in G.D.P and total exports. As well as employing the bulk of the labour force. Agricultural sector is the most important sector in the Nigeria economy. The development of this sector leads to the development of others sectors in the state i.e. (Nigeria). Recently this sector has constituted a declining proportion of the G.D.P for effective and efficient development of it, government should place more emphasis by investing seriously in technology to boost the production of the agricultural sector. Technology is a crucial factor in economic development. As an applied science, it involves vigour and usually huge expenditure in research institutes to be realized. The study reveals that if the sector is properly developed, the state and country would, not have food problem, furthermore, the study identified the lack of capital in technology, to enhance agriculture and government involvement as problems or agriculture in Nigeria.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page i
List of Tables v
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background of the study 2
1.2 Statement of problem 3
1.3 Objective of the study 4
1.4 Method of study 5
1.4 Method of study 5
1.5 Research questions 7
1.6 Significance of the study 8
1.7 Scope and limitations of the study 9
2.0 Literature review 10
2.1 Introduction 11
2.2 The role government in agricultural development in Nigeria 12
2.3 To identify the problem of agricultural development in Nigeria
2.4 To examine the impact of technology on the agricultural growth in Nigeria. 19
3.0 Technology and agricultural development in Nigeria 12
3.1 Technological capability 13
3.2 The agricultural sector 14
3.3 The two sectors in Nigeria context 15
4.0 Data presentation, analysis and discussion 16
4.1 Introduction 17
4.2 Analysis of data, results and discussion 18
5.0 Summary, conclusion and recommendations 19
5.1 Summary 30
5.2 Conclusion 33
5.3 Recommendations 38
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Agriculture involves the cultivation of land, raising and rearing of animal for the purpose of production of food for man, feed for animals, and the production of raw material for industries. It also involves cropping, livestock foresting, fishing and processing and marketing of these agricultural products. The role of agriculture in transforming both the social and economic framework on economy cannot be over emphasized.
It is a source of food and raw material for the industrial section. It is also essential for expansion of employment opportunity, for reduction of poverty and improvement of income distribution for spending up industrialization and easing the pressure on balance of payments. In effect, it has been the main source of gainful employment, from which the nation can feed its teaming population, a regenerative providing the nationals industries with local raw material and a reliable source of government revenue.
In Nigeria context, agricultural sector embraces all the subsections of the primary industry. They include farming i.e. livestock, rearing, fishing and forestry.
Agricultural sector constitutes one of the most important sectors in the Nigeria economy. Due to the abundance of agricultural resources and high percentage of the active population engaged in agriculture in the country.
However Nigeria have comparative advantage of this sector than any other so one infer that divesting attention to the management of business where exist no national or professional potential than means to develop or use of modern technology smoothly often leads to miss allocation of resources in efficiency and retardation of economic, social and political progress in the country, agriculture is where we have a national potential.
Unfortunately, agriculture is highly and variously neglected. We are all aware that the major part of the out lay of each family in the tower using of our society is on food.
Today, the Nigeria family occupies the un-enviable position of being among the worst fed in the world.
Realizing this problem, various regimes of government imitated a list of agricultural policies, programmes to redirect the growth of the sector e.g. (ADP, Atap) etc. but unfortunately some of these programmes and projects were irrelevant and imperious to the culture and the society. This sector not only supplies food but most of the available employment opportunities for many people and is being provided by this sector (Moro 1996) said that its importance stems from the creation of employment to large active population and its contribution to the country’s GDP as well as foreign exchange earning’ Unfortunately, this sector is facing problem due to inadequate resource and other variable that are destabilizing its development and these problems includes.
v Practice of Land tenure system
v Lack of Technical know how
v Lack of Farming implements
v Insufficient Improved seeding
v Lack of Capital
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Due to neglect of agriculture over the years, there has been an influx of rural dwellers to urban centres in search of greener pastures. This has only succeeded in increasing the level of unemployment in the nation. Also the nation’s foreign exchange earnings from the sector have significantly cropped.
Lack of effective and efficient funding and good government policies have been identified of an impediment to solving the impact of technology in the development of agriculture in Nigeria.
Technology was recognized as a highly crucial factor in the process of agricultural in development and encouraging local and foreign investment in the economy and carrying out of research activities into the country’s abundant national resources. This was to be achieved through foreign financial examine the extent to which agriculture has influenced the Nigeria gross domestic product (GDP). The questions now are; do government actions influence the technological development of agriculture in the state? What would be the impact of such action in the development of other sectors? Do these actions have positive impact on the other sectors of the economy?
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
1. To find out the role of government in agricultural development in Nigeria.
2. To identify the problem of agricultural development in Nigeria.
3. To examine the impact of technology on the agricultural growth of Nigeria.
1.4 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This study the impact of technology on the development of agriculture in Nigeria for self-sufficiency and sufficient in food production and better agricultural efficiency in Nigeria. So far to collect materials necessary for this research from places and also insufficient time allocated to the work, data collection, financial and economic cost etc.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The study will help the government to control some of the related problems. Facing agricultural sector in the state. Shonekar (1997) states that “for us to achieve the goals of self-sufficiency in food production, increased rural employment, production and export of cash crops as well as modernization of agricultural practices which are the main thrusts of our national mainstream.
The study would be useful of both government and private entrepreneurs at it exposes the various ways that agriculture can diversify the economic base of the country this generating employment opportunities and primary product of both private and public investors.