THE IMPACT OF NAFDAC ON THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY: A PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION




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THE IMPACT OF NAFDAC ON THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY: A PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION













  
 ABSTRACT
This study is been done to determine, to which extent the NAFDAC has impacted on the development of the Nigerian economy and the rationale behind the current government NAFDAC exercise. Various issues were discussed such as when NAFDAC was established from FDAC to NAFDAC, the directorate of NAFDAC, the unit of NAFDAC, achievement of NAFDAC stakeholders of NAFDAC. In the midst of the debate on NAFDAC performance on the health of the nation, simple questionnaire were administered unto a total number of seventy (70) were randomly distributed, not of which fifty eight (58) were returned and can be said to be useful for our study. This represents about 83% of the total number of questionnaire administered. To accomplish the objective of this work chi-square has been used to determine the goodness of fit of our data. The result shows that NAFDAC has positive impact on the development on the economy and the health of the Nation Nigeria, it was recommended that a more sustainable and efficient policy towards encouraging domestic producer of drugs and health material should be formulated in such a way that will benefit it citizen.












TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page                                                                                 i
Certification                                                                             ii
Dedication                                                                               iii
Acknowledgment                                                                     iv
Abstract  
                                                                                v
CHAPTER ONE:      INTRODUCTION
1.1      Overview
1.2      Statement of the problem
1.3      Objective of the Study
1.4      Research Questions
1.5      Research Hypothesis
1.6      Scope of the Study
1.7      Significance of the Study
1.8      Method of the Study
1.9      Organization of study

CHAPTER TWO:      LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1   Introduction
2.2   Theoretical Framework
2.3   Establishment of NAFDAC
2.4   Regulatory Control of Cosmetic Product
2.5   The Role of NAFDAC in National (Grassroots) Consumer Education
2.6   NAFDAC Sensitization Workshop
2.7   NAFDAC Objective on the Workshop
2.8   Campaigns/Public Enlightenment Campaigns
2.9   NAFDAC Sensitization/Enlightenment Campaigns to other Countries
2.9.1        NAFDAC Tariff, Registration/Regulation Activities
2.9.2        NAFDAC Restructuring of the Agency for Increased Efficiency in Regulatory Activities
2.9.3        NAFDAC Monitoring of Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)
2.9.4        NAFDAC Guideline or Standard on Packaged Water Production
2.9.5        Case of NAFDAC’s Closure of some Firms and Market because of Counterfeit Dealers.
2.9.5.1 Closing down of Royal Salt Company
2.9.5.2 Supermarket Shutdown in Bayelsa State due to Dealing with fake Production
2.9.6 NAFDAC Collaboration with other International Organizations
2.9.7 Assistance to NAFDAC from International Agencies in Terms of Funding and Personal.

CHAPTER THREE:  RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1   Introduction
3.2   Types and Sources of Data and Method of Data Collection
3.3   Economic Apriori Criteria
3.4   Model Specification
3.5   Estimation Procedure
3.6   Decision Rule

CHAPTER FOUR:    DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1   Introduction
4.2   Data Presentation
4.3   Analysis of Data
4.3.1 Test of Hypothesis
4.4   Summary

CHAPTER FIVE:     DISCUSSION, RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
5.1   Introduction
5.2   Discussion
5.3   Recommendation
5.4   Conclusion
5.5   Appendix I
5.6   Appendix II
5.7   Appendix III
        Reference
        Bibliography
































CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1      OVERVIEW
In our contemporary world, the role of sectorial control cannot be over emphasized it has become a worldwide practice to find government agencies, paratatal or other well constituted authorities charged with responsibilities of monitoring and controlling a particular compartment of business or economic life. These forms of control is expedient  for the smooth running of the sector while maintaining acceptable quality and standard.
In our economy where dubious character people have infiltrated the sector for production of foods and drugs for the mere purpose or aim of making money to enrich their self and their selfish interest, the establishment of a body for the regulation and control of this sector has become a very desirable thing. The operations of the National Agency for Food and Drugs Administrations and Control (NAFDAC) are hinged on the general principle of control.
In the face of robust control function placed on NAFDAC by the act, we still find in recent time issue of violation of food and drugs production standard fake drugs importation and sales still exist here and there.  This brings to question the level of performance of the organization and its impact on the economy, this study is sparked off bridge the knowledge gap created by the unavailability of unbiased empirical study on the impact of NAFDAC based on the principles of controllability.
1.2      STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Through the past two decades in Nigeria the problem of fake, counterfeit and adulated drugs has been a very big issue. In addition fake drugs proved a major factor in contributing to high death rate “over 150 children died in 1989 as a result of a formulation error in a drug” such problems led to establishment of NAFDAC which would help, create a fake drug free environment. With this, there would be secure, effective, inexpensive, and good quality medicines. This incident of fake drug was so chaotic that “neighboring countries such as Ghana and Sierra Leone officially banned the sale of drugs made in Nigeria. The issue of fake drug did not just stop there, but it went to the extent that “drugs were hawked even in commercial buses” all these problems affected Nigeria as a whole. There are however no empirical evidence on the relationship between fake drugs and the Nigeria economy hence this study.
1.3      OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The main aim of this study or objective is to examine the impact of NAFDAC on the Nigerian Economy
i.            To examine the role played by NAFDAC on the development of Nigerian economy
ii.          To identify and examine the achievement of NAFDAC on the economic development of Nigeria.
1.4      RESEARCH QUESTIONS
i.            To what extent has they gone with the restructuring of the agency for increase efficiency in regulatory activities?
ii.          Recently, NAFDAC had an upward review of its tariffs. What is the rationale for such adjustment?
iii.        What is the scope of NAFDAC public enlightenment campaign in view of the international dimension of fake drugs business?
iv.         How would NAFDAC describe the state of the pharmaceutical industry now?
v.           Could the NAFDAC Agency give an insight into other regulatory and control activities undertaken since their assumption of office?
1.5      RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
The working hypothesis of this study is as follows:
Ho:  There is no significant relationship between the activities of NAFDAC and the health of the population
Hi:   There is no significant relationship between the activities of NAFDAC and the health of the population
Ho:  NAFDAC has not help in the reduction of mortality death rate.
Hi:   NAFDAC has help in the redemption of death rate.
1.6      SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study defines the area of coverage of the research work. The scope of the study was based on the impact of NAFDAC on the Nigerian Economy.
Our primary focus shall base on the following.
i.            Examining the effect of sectorial control with particular emphasis on NAFDAC as a control body.
ii.          The study shall also x-ray the function and responsibilities of NAFDAC
iii.        What informed the establishment of NAFDAC
iv.         It shall also cover the extent to which NAFDAC is meeting up with the responsibility of curbing the menace of fake adulterated drugs, cosmetics and food items.
1.7      SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Considering the agonizing issue or situation was faced by health organization, significant of this study cannot be over stressed. We have earlier stated in our overview and the study of the lack of in-depth, unbiased empirical study on the population health of our country, Nigeria government through the decade, have problem of fake, counterfeit and adulterated drugs, the unavailability of such study as we have stated earlier, has resulted to knowledge gap, when we say so is due to publication of magazine newspaper and journal are not been seen by the population, these gap required to be bridged, this study is justified in that it will bridge the existing knowledge gap, it shall directly contribute to stock of existing knowledge, as it will serve as reference point for related studies, from contributing stock of existing knowledge, it shall also be beneficial to students, researcher NAFDAC officials and population of Nigeria. It shall also undoubtedly serve as an update to any researcher work related to it as such may have lost validity in the passage of time.
1.8      METHOD OF THE STUDY
The research work will be carried out in two ways
i.            Primary Data and
ii.          Secondary Data
iii.        The primary Data will involve drafting of questionnaire and submission of questionnaire
iv.         The secondary Data have to do with collecting of literature that has to do with the subject matter e.g. journal, magazine and internet.
1.9      ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This stage of the study defines how the study was arranged from its beginning to the end. For any study to be quite successful or result oriented, the research need not to rely on chance. A careful plan of study has to be worked out and followed rigidly. The study of impact of NAFDAC on the Nigerian Economy was geared towards controlling and development of the health condition of the nation, plans presented below and were in chapters as follows.
Chapter one – Consist of an introduction statement of the problem, objective of the study, Research questions, hypothesis, significance of the study, reference.
Chapter two – Is about literature Review, a lot of issue will be reviewed e.g. the review of National Agency for Food and Drugs Administration and Control establishment, structure of NAFDAC, Directorates Functions of NAFDAC new amendments since 2001, achievements stakeholders.
Chapter three – Method of study and data analysis
Chapter four – Presentation and analysis of data
Chapter five – Discussion, recommendation and conclusion. 

 
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